Bird Families

Fire-headed Trachyphonus / Trachyphonus erythrocephalus

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1 barbican a tête rouge

2 4239

3 mésange a couronne flammée

4 barbican

5 barbican d'Arnaud

6 barbican perlé

7 barbican pourpré

8 barbican promépic

9 mésange a couronne flammée

10 10062

11 4237

12 4238

13 4240

14 4241

15 4242

16 8479

17 8480

18 8577

See also other dictionaries:

fire-headed trachyphonus - raudongalvis trachifonas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Trachyphonus erythrocephalus angl. red and yellow barbet vok. Flammenkopf Bartvogel, m rus. fire-headed trachyphonus, m pranc. barbican à tête rouge, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

African beards - Senegalese Libya Lybius dubiu ... Wikipedia

Protected areas of Tanzania - quite diverse, ranging from marine areas and ending with the meadows of Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. About a third of the entire territory of the country is a protected area, consisting of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, marine ... ... Wikipedia

Flammenkopf-Bartvogel - raudongalvis trachifonas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Trachyphonus erythrocephalus angl. red and yellow barbet vok. Flammenkopf Bartvogel, m rus. fire-headed trachyphonus, m pranc. barbican à tête rouge, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Trachyphonus erythrocephalus - raudongalvis trachifonas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Trachyphonus erythrocephalus angl. red and yellow barbet vok. Flammenkopf Bartvogel, m rus. fire-headed trachyphonus, m pranc. barbican à tête rouge, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

barbican a tête rouge - raudongalvis trachifonas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Trachyphonus erythrocephalus angl. red and yellow barbet vok. Flammenkopf Bartvogel, m rus. fire-headed trachyphonus, m pranc. barbican à tête rouge, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

raudongalvis trachifonas - statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Trachyphonus erythrocephalus angl. red and yellow barbet vok. Flammenkopf Bartvogel, m rus. fire-headed trachyphonus, m pranc. barbican à tête rouge, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas -…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

red-and-yellow barbet - raudongalvis trachifonas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Trachyphonus erythrocephalus angl. red and yellow barbet vok. Flammenkopf Bartvogel, m rus. fire-headed trachyphonus, m pranc. barbican à tête rouge, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Description

Determining the species is usually straightforward. This is a densely built bird with a strong sharp beak of red or orange color. Length 20-23 cm, weight 40-75 g. The upper part of the head in the male is black with a weakly expressed crest, in the female it is yellowish with black specks. The occiput is yellow to reddish-orange, with frequent black spots. The sides of the head are mostly bright red, on the throat of the males there is a black stripe widening downward. On the covering ears there is a large white mark in the shape of a crescent, the bridle is yellow. The upper back, as well as the wings, are black with numerous white spots, like in spotted woodpeckers. The lower back and upper tail are yellow with red spots. Tail feathers are brownish-black with yellow or whitish transverse stripes. The chest is orange-red or red in the center, yellow at the periphery. From one shoulder to the other through the chest passes a black strip with white spots in the form of a sling. The belly is lemon or golden yellow.

The eyes are yellowish brown. Females are colored in less bright colors than males, with a predominance of yellow and whitish where red and orange are present in the male. Young ones are similar to adults, but dimmer. There are 3 subspecies, the differences between which are manifested in the brightness and intensity of color. The male's song is a fading three-syllable whistle repeated many times. The female's song is a series of shorter ascending whistles, consisting of 3-5 syllables. Both birds of the pair sing in a duet, while less slender whistles of other birds of the group are added to their synchronous performance.

Spread

Distributed in the semi-arid regions of East Africa: South Sudan, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, northeastern Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. Inhabits shrubby savannas and woodlands, where it prefers landscapes with complex relief, such as steep banks of water bodies and gullies. Sometimes it occupies old termite mounds and anthills with soft ground. Avoids completely open spaces as well as closed forests. Very rarely found above 1980 m above sea level.

Food

The choice of feed is very wide. Plant food is represented by seeds and fruits of various plants, including figs. It catches a variety of invertebrates: spiders, hay mowers, beetles, grasshoppers, locusts, praying mantises, termites, ants, labipods. Sometimes it hunts for larger prey: lizards and small birds, including ruining their nests. It readily feeds on food waste of plant and animal origin.

Reproduction

Breeding begins during or immediately after the end of the rainy season, sometimes twice a year. In the north of the range, the peak was recorded from April or May to July, in the south from January to June. Breeds in groups of up to eight adult birds. The nest is a burrow in soft ground with a depth of at least 40 cm, which the bird independently dugs at the top of a termite mound or an earthen rampart at a height of 1-4 m from the ground surface. The diameter of the nesting chamber is about 11.2 cm. A fresh nest is dug every year. In a clutch there are from two to six eggs with a white, slightly shiny shell. All adult birds of the group are engaged in forage for chicks.

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