Bird Families

Opal Tanager / Tangara callophrys

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Tangara - a large genus of birds of the Tanager family. This includes about 50 species, but the genus is currently defined as polyphyletic. Everything is from the Neotropics, and while most are fairly widespread, some have small distributions and are threatened. They are quite small, ranging in size from. This genus includes some of the world's most spectacularly colored birds.

These tanagers are mainly found high in forest canopies, but some occupy more open habitats. They are found in all elevations below a row of trees, but are most diverse in the Andean subtropical and foothill forests of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

The female builds the usually well-hidden nest of the cup and lays two brown- or lilac-variegated white eggs. They hatch in 13-14 days, and chicks fledge in 15-16 days. A man and a woman feed the chicks with insects and fruits, and can be helped by helpers.

Tanagra Tangara pick insects from leaves, or sometimes in flight, but fruit is a major dietary item, accounting for 53-86% of foods in those species that have been studied.

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