Bird Families

Gold-headed beetle 9 cm long


Golden-crowned #kinglet (lat.Regulus satrapa) is a small songbird of the king family.

Golden-headed beetle 9 cm long. The plumage of an adult bird is olive green above, and white below. On the wings there are white stripes, black stripes on the eyes and a yellow crown framed by black. The male has an orange spot in the middle of the yellow crown.
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The golden-headed beetle nests in coniferous forests in Canada, the northeastern and western United States, Mexico and Central America. Northern populations migrate south in winter.

The bird seeks food in trees and bushes, feeds on spiders, insects and their eggs.

A deep, feathered nest in the shape of a bowl hangs disguised on a coniferous branch.

Golden-headed king

Golden-headed beetle 9 cm long. The plumage of an adult bird is olive green above, and white below. On the wings there are white stripes, black stripes on the eyes and a yellow crown framed with black. The male has an orange spot in the middle of the yellow crown.

1. Distribution

The golden-headed beetle nests in coniferous forests in Canada, the northeastern and western United States, Mexico and Central America. Northern populations migrate south in winter.

  • Madeira kinglet Regulus madeirensis Harcourt, 1851 Taiwan kinglet Regulus goodfellowi Ogilvie - Grant, 1906 Golden-headed kinglet Regulus satrapa
  • Order: Passeriformes Family: Sparrow-like Golden-headed beetle Regulus satrapa Ruby-headed beetle Regulus calendula Order: Passeriformes
  • grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos Juniper gannets Mycerobas carnipes Golden-headed finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta Scarlet finch Haematospiza sipahi Brownie
  • areas of which are typical for northern latitudes: black-capped gait, golden-headed bean nuthatch, North American uplifted owl, spruce
  • sojourn Picture 149. Golden-headed beetle Regulus satrapa Family: Korolkovye Note: he CR 150. Ruby-headed beetle Regulus calendula Family: Korolkovye

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The beak has a straight, thin beak, the edges of which are concave, and the nostrils are covered with leathery scales, a slightly notched tail, a tarsus, dressed with horny tops and loose dense plumage, distinguished by bright colors on the crown of the head. 7 species found in Europe, Asia and North America. Yellow-headed K. (R. cristatus), 9.6 cm long, the prevailing color of the upper side is olive-green with olive-brown, the upper part of the head is golden yellow, the elongated feathers of the crown are bright orange, the lower side is rusty-yellowish-white, the sides are reddish-brown, the female differs in the that the middle of the crown is not orange, but yellow. It is found throughout Europe to the Far North and throughout Asia to the Amur Territory, predominantly in coniferous, especially pine forests. Redhead K. (R. ignicapillus) is similar to the previous one, but more yellow in color, a wide spot on the crown of the head is dark orange, the forehead is reddish-brown, a narrow stripe enveloping the front of the head and wide above the eye are black, there is a white dash under the eye, the crown of the female is yellowish-orange.


It is found in Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Russia and Greece. It prefers to live in coniferous forests, especially spruce.


In their way of life, both species are similar, they live mainly on tall trees, are settled or wander, feed on small insects and seeds, their main food in winter consists of eggs and insect larvae. Chicks are hatched in May and July, spherical nests made of moss, wool, web of caterpillars and lined with feathers that partially cover the entrance to the nest, have thick walls, are placed at the ends of thin branches and are well hidden in the branches. The first clutch consists of 8-10, the second of 6-9 very fragile eggs 13 mm long, whitish-gray or pale red with gray dots and veins. Chicks are fed with small insects.

The meaning of the word "kinglet"

KING, -lka, m. 1. A variety of orange with red pulp. (Small Academic Dictionary, IAS)

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Quotes from Russian classics with the phrase "golden-headed king"

  • It was quiet, only a barely audible rustle rose from the grass, wasps hummed, and sometimes, flitting from bush to bush, gray beads flashed, leaving in the air the barely audible sound of trembling of small wings. Shuddering, the emerald needles of a pine forest stretched towards the sun, and a kite circled high above them, endlessly deepening the blue of the heavens.


  • How to spell the word "king"
  • Parsing the composition of the word "king" (morphemic parsing)

Sentences with the word "king"

They noticed the hollow in which the nest was coiled kinglet, and walked away.

The smallest songbird of our strip is the yellow-headed kinglet 8 cm in size, the largest is a raven.

My kinglet he shared with me the evening sadness, fell asleep on his shoulder, squealing over his ear an evening song of sleep.

Synonyms for "king"

  • bird
  • goose
  • pomelo
  • chit
  • ball
  • (more synonyms.)

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Number of species in "sister" taxa

viewGold-headed beetleRegulus satrapaLichtenstein1823
suborder / suborderSingersOscines
detachment / orderPasserinesPasseriformes
superorder / superorderNew Sky Birds (Typical Birds)NeognathaePycroft1900
infraclassReal birds (Fan-tailed birds)NeornithesGadow1893
subclassCilegrud Birds (Fan-tailed Birds)Carinatae Ornithurae (Neornithes) Ornithurae (Neornithes)Merrem1813
subtype / subdivisionVertebrates (Cranial)Vertebrata (Craniata)Cuvier1800
type / departmentChordatesChordata
supertypeCoelomic animalsCoelomata
sectionBilaterally symmetrical (Three-layer)Bilateria (Triploblastica)
subkingdomMulticellular animalsMetazoa
Golden-headed Arizona beetleRegulus satrapa apacheJenks1936
A source :244
Life span
Maximum:6.3 years
Sexual maturity
Males in:1 year
Females in:1 year
The weight
At birth:0.88 g
Adult:5.5 g
Pregnancy / incubation:14 days
Reproduction frequency:2 times per year
Sources of
244 :AnAge. The Animal Aging & Longevity Database.
Details about the life cycle of a view on AnAge

Interspecific bird conflicts are explained by competition and hybridization

Many animals jealously guard their territory from the invasion of strangers. This is logical when it comes to a representative of its own species. However, an individual belonging to a different species often becomes the object of attack. For a long time, it was believed that such interspecific territoriality was just a by-product of intraspecific territoriality. In other words, the owner attacks the stranger by mistake, mistaking him for a relative.

However, new evidence suggests that protecting an area from other species is adaptive. It can arise and persist when different species compete for a particular resource, such as food or shelter.

A team of zoologists led by Jonathan P. Drury of the University of Durham conducted a massive study of interspecies competition for territory using the example of North American passerines. After analyzing the literature, scientists found that this behavior is typical for 104 of their species. This is 32.3 percent of the total number of passerine species in North America. Thus, interspecies competition is more widespread than previously thought.

According to the authors, in most cases, birds come into conflict over territory with a representative of one specific species. There are several factors that increase the chances of forming a pair of competing species. For example, birds that live in the same biotope, have similar sizes and nest in hollows are more likely to be involved in conflicts over territory. For species belonging to the same family, another factor plays an important role - the probability of hybridization. If two species are capable of interbreeding with each other, their males are likely to react aggressively to each other.

Based on the data obtained, the researchers concluded that interspecific conflicts for territory among birds do not arise by mistake. This behavior is an adaptive response to competition for a limited resource, as well as a mechanism to prevent hybridization between closely related species.