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|Kingdom animalia |
Scientific name Cisticola
Higher classification Cisticolidae
|Family Cisticolidae |
|Lower classifications Zitting cisticola, Golden ‑ headed cisticola, Levaillant's cisticola, Rattling cisticola, Winding cisticola|
Cisticolas (pronounced sis-TIC-olas) are a genus of very small insectivorous birds formerly classified in the Old World warbler family Sylviidae, but now usually considered to be in the separate family Cisticolidae, along with other southern warbler genera. They are believed to be quite closely related to the swallows and martins, the bulbuls and the white-eyes. The genus contains about 45 species, of which only two are not found in Africa: one in Madagascar and the other from Asia to Australasia.
See also other dictionaries:
Cisticola chiniana - rusvapetė cistikola statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Cisticola chiniana angl. rattling cisticola vok. Rotscheitel Zistensänger, m rus. red-shouldered cysticole, f pranc. cisticole grinçante, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas -…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Cisticola - Cisticoles ... Wikipédia en Français
Cisticola - C. juncidis Scientific classification Kingdom… Wikipedia
Cisticola - Cisticoles Citiscole de ... Wikipédia en Français
Cisticola restrictus - Tana Cistensänger Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung: Sperlingsvögel (Passeriformes) Unterordnung: Singvögel (Passeri)… Deutsch Wikipedia
Rattling Cisticola - In Gauteng, South Africa Conservation status ... Wikipedia
rattling cisticola - rusvapetė cistikola statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Cisticola chiniana angl. rattling cisticola vok. Rotscheitel Zistensänger, m rus. red-shouldered cysticole, f pranc. cisticole grinçante, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas -…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Cisticole - Cisticola Cisticoles ... Wikipédia en Français
List of African birds - This list of African birds is a listing of all the bird species known from the continent of Africa. TOCrightNotesThere are over 45 billion different species of birds in Africa.The taxonomy of this list adheres to James Clitorus Birds of the World ... Wikipedia
List of birds of Zambia - This article provides a list of the bird species recorded in Zambia. The avifauna of Zambia includes a total of 779 species, of which 1 is endemic, 1 has been introduced by humans, and 4 are rare or accidental. 11 species are globally…… Wikipedia
List of birds of the Democratic Republic of Congo - This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The avifauna of the Democratic Republic of Congo includes a total of 1185 species, of which 21 are endemic, 1 has been introduced by humans, and 3 are rare or ... ... Wikipedia
- Zitting cisticola
- Zitting cisticola with spider cisticola juncidis cyprus
- Range and habitat
- Species in taxonomic order
The genus name Cisticola is from Ancient Greek kisthos, "rock-rose", and Latin colere, "to dwell". They are also sometimes called fantail-warblers due to their habit of conspicuously flicking their tails, or tailor-birds because of their nests.
Range and habitat
Cisticolas are widespread through the Old World's tropical and sub-tropical regions. Africa, which is home to almost all species, is the most likely ancestral home of the group. Cisticolas are usually non-migratory with most species attached to and often distinguishable by their habitats.
A variety of open habitats are occupied. These include wetlands, moist or drier grasslands, open or rocky mountain slopes, and human-modified habitats such as road verges, cultivation, weedy areas or pasture. The species preferring wetlands can be found at the edges of mangrove, or in papyrus, common reed, or typha swamps. Cisticolas are generally quite common within what remains of their preferred habitats.
The zitting cisticola (or fan-tailed warbler) is widespread throughout the tropics and even breeds in southern Europe. It has occurred on a few occasions as a vagrant to England.
Because of their small size (about 10 cm) and brown plumage, they are more easily heard than seen. The similar plumage of many species can make them hard to identify, particularly in winter when they seldom emerge from their grasses. Many African species, in particular, are difficult to distinguish other than by their calls. Thirteen species are named for their calls, from "singing" and "chirping" to "bubbling" and "siffling".
Male cisticolas are polygamous. The female builds a discreet nest deep in the grasses, often binding living leaves into the soft fabric of felted plant down, cobweb, and grass: a cup shape for the zitting cisticola with a canopy of tied-together leaves or grasses overhead for camouflage, a full dome for the golden-headed cisticola. The average clutch is about 4 eggs, which take about 2 weeks to hatch. The parasitic weaver is a specialist parasite of cisticolas and prinias.
In summer, male cisticolas of smaller species make spectacular display flights while larger species perch in prominent places to sing lustily. Despite his size and well-camouflaged, brown-streaked plumage, the male golden-headed cisticola of Australia and southern Asia produces a small, brilliant splash of golden-yellow color in the dappled sunlight of a reed bed.